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California worm

RED WORM OF CALIFORNIA - was launched in 1959 as a result of breeding work in the United States. Unlike their wild relatives, which give only 4 ... 6-fold reproduction, the California worm is able to give a year of more than 500-fold reproduction, but this requires optimal conditions.

Preparing the substrate

Vermiculture begins with the preparation of the substrate - food for worms, California. Requirements for the substrate:
   should be uniform;
   should not be chemically aggressive and toxic;
   preparation of the substrate should be fairly quick (a few days in the summer and a maximum of up to one month during the cold season);
   should not "burn out", ie contain enough food for worms, California;

Preparation of the substrate in the room: waste (manure, etc.) spread out a thickness of 20 - 30 cm, close the foil is heated to a temperature of 55 C, kept at this temperature the day. At the end of the day received a lot of lay in a heap, to bring the humidity up to 80 C, and the temperature was lowered to 30 C.
Further weight is used as the substrate, but the container is filled with technology no more than 5 cm thick.
The design of boxes of fruit makes them shelf way. For the sample of adult worms in California from a box of processed substrate are effectively used boxes of different sizes, ie in a larger box with recycled substrate is inserted into a smaller box (perhaps cut to size) with the prepared substrate. Effectively for the rapid withdrawal of livestock Californian worm.
If your production is focused on the production of vermicompost and you do not pick the California adult worms for fishing, the adults will be around 25%. To rejuvenate the population of California and the worm to store more food for the fry, it is recommended to choose the number of adults in California about 20% of worm fishing.

Adaptation. At the time of adaptation of cattle to new Californian worm waste (with the transition to svinyak mullein, litter, etc., the use of water from another source), the majority of adult worms may die in California, not coping with the new food. This is subject to all species and subspecies of worms. However, juveniles can easily adapt to new food, begin to mature and breed - the adaptation is complete. The process of adaptation to the new waste could take 2 - 4 months old. If the worms go after moving to the same food, the adaptation takes place with minimal losses.

In vermiculture, with the possible death of adult worms in California, it is important to the large number of young fish, which in the transition to the new feed does not die, which explains the title: Vermiculture and uterine Californian worm.

Verification testing of the substrate.
1. After lowering the temperature inside the mound, about 40 have been set for biological testing.
2. The substrate with a worm in populated put up to 5 cm of freshly prepared substrate. At the expiration of 1-2 days to check the presence of the worm prikormochnom new substrate. The presence of the worm indicates the suitability of a new substrate for processing. The absence of the worm indicates poor preparation by fermentation of the substrate.

Californian worms can also be used as feed for various animals (fish, amphibians and reptiles, as well as several species of birds and rodents).
In the diet, "Californian" includes:

  Remains of tea and coffee;
  Rotten tomatoes and other vegetables;
  Banana Skin
  Peel of oranges, tangerines, lemons;
  Bread (an old, moldy);
  Cheese, cereal;
  Fruit rot;
  Grass and leaves.

You should not feed worms meat!.

With regard to the frequency of feeding, the worms should be fed twice a week. Also, you need to make sure that all food was eaten. That is, in fact, that's all.

One hectare is not ruined by plowing the soil chemistry and may contain from 1 to 200 million species of earthworms, and the weight of the biomass varies from 2 to 5 tons per hectare. If we take into account that the worm a day pass through your body's own weight is equal to the weight of the earth with organic matter, then, with an average weight of a worm in half a gram and the amount of 100 units / sq. m (ie 1 million per hectare), it turns out that one day they passed through a 50 g per square meter of land, or half a tonne per hectare of land. Given the fact that the activity of worms in the middle band is 200 days a year, a season that figure rises to 10 kg / sq m, or 100 tons / ha - no comment! Also particularly valuable is that the worms digest and absorb not only mold, but also bacteria, algae, fungi and their spores, protozoa fauna (including nematodes!) - This is true deodorizers and orderlies, ozdoroviteli soil decontamination pathogenic soil microflora. Through the activities of earthworms quickly "matures" compost, turning after their conversion into granular, friable, consisting almost exclusively of granular excrement of worms, environmentally friendly and extremely useful fertilizer (vermicompost), which is easily absorbed by plants. Passing through a soil, the worms also enrich her own intestinal microflora, containing biologically active substances (various enzymes, antibiotics, amino acids, vitamins). This allows the most valuable form of humus, with high microbial activity, as in the process of decomposition of organic substances in the intestines of worms form of humic acid molecules that form complexes with mineral components of soil. These compounds are very persistent in the soil and give it the structuring, which creates a fertile environment for the comfort of plant roots, and also prevents wind and water erosion. The result - worms recovered fertility, soil health and structure allow it to get guaranteed high yields, therefore, the presence of earthworms in the soil is an important indicator. It is recommended not to pull out the dried annuals in autumn, and the crop is left in the spring, winter, the aboveground part of plant remains: their dead roots of a huge number of feasting earthworms



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