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Instructions for the breeding of earthworms container way

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Requirements for the liquor (the conditions of detention of worms)
Technology.
Shelving
Tara
The population of worms
Substratum
Adapting to the new worms substrate
Work to care for worms finished vermicompost (vermicompost)

Requirements for the liquor (the conditions of detention of worms):
For the maintenance of a technological mln.pieces worms need 10 - 15 m? indoors.

1. Heating. Temperature:
optimum 18 - 25 C
allowable 15 - 30 C
Extreme 4 - 35 C

2. Lighting:
the normal 60 watts on 20 meters?
maximum up to 80 watts on 20 meters?
minimum 40 watts on 20 meters?





3. Water: Water is used river, spring, Kolodeznaya. Chlorinated water inhibits the worms, so in this case, you can use the water tank. Under certain conditions (for example, in the absence of sewerage system) can be used to moisten the waste water - rain, hozbytovye; for industrial effluents, there are some limitations.

4. Ventilation: natural, may be forced with wind speeds less than 0.5 m / sec.

5. Protection against pests: the worms are a delicacy for moles, rats and other rodents. Liquor should be available to them - with a hard surface floor, walls and ceiling are opaque. Periodically, you need to take steps to eliminate rodents.

6. Sewerage is desirable but not mandatory. Proper wastewater reused.

Technology.
Indoors, the best performance and cost-effective way to ensure container breeding of worms, because allows the greatest amount of liquor.
Optimum height of the cells of 2 - 2.5 m.

Racks.
Equipped with multi-tier shelving from floor to ceiling. The distance between the tiers should ensure that manipulation of the packaging - boxes for at least 60 cm trays - at least 50 cm width shelves (dual version) is not less than 100 cm, and the container stands at 10 cm distance between the shelves 120 cm Single racks are used as a rule along the walls have a width of 50 cm and require the use of braces.
Length determined by the size shelving space.

Tara.
The best technological containers are perforated vegetable or fruit boxes, which can be found in any fruit shop. Plastics - a sufficiently strong material, can not be an aggressive environment, provides the necessary perforation aerated, drain excess moisture migrating worms.

The population of worms.
Optimal population density in the organization of new production (liquor) from five small boxes of fruit in which the individual must attend all vozvrastov: adults - long 4 - 8 cm fry - in the form of small white worms 1,5 - 2 mm, in the form of a cocoon torus (ring) to the outer diameter of 5 mm inner and 3 mm.

Substratum
Crucial importance for breeding worms is the quality of the substrate. The substrate is prepared fermenting micro-organisms decomposing the protein to amino acids.
Preparation of the substrate in the room:
waste (manure, etc.) spread out a thickness of 20 - 30 cm, close the foil is heated to a temperature of 55 C, kept at this temperature the day. At the end of the day received a lot of lay in a heap, to bring the humidity up to 80 C, and the temperature was lowered to 30 C.

 



Further weight is used as the substrate, but the container is filled with technology no more than 5 cm thick.

Adapting to the new Californian worms substrate.
Worms in boxes in his native substrate installed in the liquor are 1 - 3 weeks, at which time the worms are adapted to the new climate, water, odors, temperature and watering as necessary. Then add a new substrate in an amount not exceeding 1 liter. lump on the box (a bunch). As the substrate, adjusting to a new bunch of worms inhabit that serves as a signal for replenishment of the substrate layer of a box of 5 cm
Box (or tray) with the adapted set of livestock on the shelf, set top box (or tray) with cooked substrate - between the boxes (or trays) should be close contact.
As the processing of the substrate in the bottom drawer, the worms in search of food through the holes in the bottom of creeping into the top drawer, filled with 1 / 3 of the substrate.


Ratio of worms in livestock
In the stable (adaptirovannoy!) population:
Adults - 10-25%
Fry - 60-80%
Cocoons - 10-15%
If your production is focused on the production of vermicompost, and you do not choose the adult worms for fishing, the adults will be around 25%. We recommend choosing adults, in order to rejuvenate the population. Among adults 20% choose to go fishing.

Adaptation. At the time of adaptation to the new livestock waste (with the transition to svinak mullein, litter, etc.), most of the adult worms die, not coping with the new food. However, juveniles can easily adapt to new food, begin to mature and breed - the adaptation is complete. The process of adaptation to the new waste could take 2 - 4 months old. If the worms go after moving to the same food, the adaptation takes place about two weeks.

Work to care for worms:

intensive watering, humidity should be at least 80%;
loosening;
dressing the upper box until the top drawer is filled completely.
Finished vermicompost (vermicompost)
Further, the bottom drawer with finished vermicompost (biohumus) is removed, vermicompost is sent for further processing (drying, sieving, packing), and a box of worms established following box tightly to the substrate, etc.

Attention! This manual describes only the basic terms and principles vermiproizvodstva.
At current production situations may arise which require a great deal of experience in verimproizvodstve.

To order a worm prospector (Vladimir) Red Californian cherv.cherv for rybalki.gumus. fill out the form or phone

+38 (066) 877-76-77

+38 (067) 916-78-78

 

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