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Instructions for the breeding of earthworms in the home

To obtain vermicompost at home to take seriously enough to buy the worms and the preparation of the substrate (compost). Worms must be purchased together with the substrate only in specialized vermihozyaystvah, Hearts should be mobile, red. In the substrate to be juveniles and cocoons. Genetically stable population is considered, with not less than 1,500 pieces of fish.

          Before buying the worms need to prepare in advance for the space. For these purposes, you can use the spacious (from 0.5 to 1.0 m 3) wooden boxes 30-40 cm high, ridges or compost heaps. Boxes can be placed in the back rooms (garages, sheds, basements, attics, etc.), where temperature ranges from 16 to 24 degrees.

          At home, support the production of vermicompost can be all year round, feeding the worms in the winter food waste.
Preparation of vermicompost includes the following steps:
          1. Preparation of compost (nutrient substrate).

          Good raw material for the preparation of nutrient substrate may be livestock manure, droppings of birds, stood on the farm, poultry farm within 6 months. Quality compost can be improved by adding crushed egg shells, shredded food waste, leaves, fruit and vegetable crops, as well as making up to 20 kg of a mixture of lime and peat to 1 ton of raw material.

          Vermicomposting of leaves, hay, and food waste will go faster if the particle size is reduced. Raw materials must retain moisture, it does not impede the movement of air and its penetration deep into the substrate. The worms are getting used to a certain type of feed and adjust to another immediately. By the new fodder worms should be taught gradually, adding it in small portions.

          Not recommended for use as compost manure, composting lain after more than two years, as it required very little for the worms nutrients. This manure can be used as an additive in the composting of organic waste.

          Never use as food for worms, fresh manure. The worms will die.
          2. Bookmark worms in the compost.
          This stage of growth of worms and get a quality vermicompost requires special attention and training. Worms inhabit together with a nutrient substrate, evenly distributing them over the surface. When laying the compost to each square meter of pawned items 750-1500 of worms.

          Worms do not like bright light, so a box or a compost pile needs to close a dark breathable material.

          3. Care and feeding.
          Caring for worms is reduced to maintain the temperature, hoeing and watering ridges (boxes). One of the leading terms in the life of compost worms is the humidity of the substrate. They are very sensitive to fluctuations in humidity, especially to its decline. Watering to maintain moisture content of compost at the level of 75-80%, performed using a watering can with a fine-mesh pre-who defend (3-5) days with water, with temperatures 20-24 degrees. Do not water the compost straight from the tap. The degree of humidity of the substrate is determined as follows: type in the palm of the substrate layer and compress the placement of the worms in his fist. If moisture appears between the toes, the humidity of the substrate is sufficient, if water droplets appear, it is too wet, if the moisture does not act - the substrate is dry, it is necessary to moisten.

          The first feeding worms spend a few days after checking into the compost. Feeding operation is as follows. At one-fourth of the surface of the ridge or box layered fresh nutrient substrate (food) 3-5 cm thick and evenly distribute it over the surface. As food in the home, you can use old tea leaves tea, coffee grounds, peeling potatoes, carrots, beets, spoiled cooked vegetables and non-dairy meals. After 2-3 weeks, as far as eating feed the worms on top again applied 5-7 - cm layer of food. At this stage the feed is applied to the entire surface, and every week, as long as the box is completely full, or the height of the ridge reaches 50-60 cm Frequency of feeding depends on the number of worms in the box (in the pile) and the temperature of cultivation . When the temperature approaches the optimum (24 degrees) worms feed intake increases. The process of obtaining vermicompost ends when the nutrient substrate and is completely redesigned, in time, three or four months from the beginning of colonization.

          Worms need oxygen, so after reaching the substrate thickness of 20 cm or more conducting regular hoeing by piercing the ridge, which use a wooden stake with a diameter of 2-3 cm or special vermikompostnye forks. Loosening spend 2 days a week at the depth of the worms and cocoons without mixing the layers of compost.
          In the steady state of the worms in the box (the ridge) is a bundle of compost into three zones. The first area - the surface horizon (5-7 cm) represents a fresh substrate, which is food for worms. His number is constantly changing, as the worms eat them constantly, and this layer is applied periodically. The middle zone, 10-30 cm - is the work area in which we live most of the worms. The third zone is the storage of vermicompost as earthworms work is constantly increasing in height.

          4. Sample worms and vermicompost.

          The need for a sample of worms occurs when the nutrient substrate is completely redesigned, or when the density of worms exceeds the optimal population density (from 30 to 50 thousand per 1 m2). To select the worms, they have been without food for several days, then 1 / 3 of the area laid out a new batch of feed a layer of 5-7 cm, in which the hungry worms move. After two or three days with a layer of worms removed. This operation must be repeated three times in three weeks to collect all worms, including juveniles emerged from cocoons. The remaining raw vermicompost is spotting a lot of dark color, which is collected scoop dry up to 40% moisture, sieved through a sieve and packaged for storage. Dried vermicompost can be stored at ambient temperature from minus 20 to plus 30 degrees, for 24 months.

          During the night rain worm composting Miner "recycles a lot of compost equal to its own weight. Lifetime worm 10-16. One worm" Miner "in the year produces 1500 individuals. Operating temperature range from + 9 to + 32OS.

          Enough to purchase items 1500-3000 of worms and settle them in the compost to a year to get vermicompost to fertilize the land of 3-4 weave.

During the warmer months, 150 grams of worms (750 pieces) gained about 1 ton of vermicompost. A population of 1,500 pieces, populated by 2-3 m 2 of compost will provide your garden with 2 tons a first-rate fertilizer.



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